How to create a site

A newcomer or having issues defining your site? You have come to the right place!

This tutorial will be divided into three parts. The first part will discuss the very basics required for defining a site properly whereas the second part will jump into more depth with some extra details that you can define. The third part will include some tips on how to use Google Earth.

Basic Site Definition

This section explains step by step, the main mandatory elements required for the quick definition of a site.
How to create a site pt. 1
Sites should be defined in Google Earth following the next steps:

1. Open Google Earth (desktop edition).

You can download Google Earth over here.

2. Create a folder inside Google Earth. All our site's elements will be defined inside this folder.

On the menu bar, go to: Add -->  Folder

3. Using the polygon tool, let's start by defining our available areas, in other words, the areas where we would like to install our structures. Up to 9 different available areas can be defined. These must all be named "AA".

Right-click on the created folder and go to: Add --> Polygon

 

Name all available areas as "AA". Do not number them or use a different name.


4. Using the placemark tool, define the road access point of each "AA" polygon. Each "AA" polygon requires its own road access point inside of it. All road access points must be named "AC".

Right-click on the created folder and go to: Add --> Placemark

  • Name all road access points as "AC". Do not number them or use a different name.
  • Always place each "AC" inside its respective "AA" polygon.

5. Now, using the polygon tool (Right-click on the created folder and go to: Add --> Polygon), define the substation area. This should be named "ST". Currently, one substation is permitted per site. In case you don't know where the substation is located, you can draw a random "ST" polygon near the PV plant.

Please do not define more than 1 "ST" polygon.

6. Using the placemark tool (Right-click on the created folder and go to: Add --> Placemark), we must define the medium voltage switchgear point inside the substation polygon. This point must be named "MV".

Please make sure to place the "MV" point inside the "ST" polygon.

7. The final step is to save the folder and not just one element inside it. This can be saved as either a KML or a KMZ.


8. We can now upload the KML or KMZ file to pvDesign. Done!

Optional elements

With this, we are done defining the main elements of our site. However, there are some other optional elements that you can also define. These elements are the following:
  • A secondary road access point. Each "AA" polygon can have a secondary road access point inside of it if needed. This has to be defined using the placemark tool and must be named "ACb".
  • You can restrict areas so that no structures are installed in them. These must be defined using the polygon tool and must be named "RA". Up to 75 "RA" polygons can be defined in one site.

Your site may end up looking as follows:

For more information on some typical errors that users tend to commit, you can check our Basic Site Tutorial.

Advanced Site Definition

This section aims to offer some additional, more advanced tips on how to define a site.

How to create a site pt. 2

Tip 1

pvDesign draws the final medium voltage line (the one going to the substation) of each "AA" polygon from its "AC" point to the "MV" point located inside the "ST" polygon. In such cases, the "AC" point is acting as both the road access point and the medium voltage delivery point.

Let's say that we would like to separate the road access from the medium voltage delivery point. This can be done by defining an additional "MV" placemark inside the "AA" polygon. This way, the medium voltage line will go from the "MV" point of its respective "AA" polygon to the "MV" point of the "ST" polygon.

Your site may end up looking as follows:

Tip 2

As discussed in the basic site definition section, you can create up to 9 separate "AA" polygons where your structures will be installed. This, however, may cause some empty spaces in your power plant in case a certain power station does not fit in one of these areas.

An alternative and a much better way of doing this would be to create one big "AA" polygon that englobes all the areas that we need and then remove the unwanted parts by defining "RA" polygons. This way, a power station will be allowed to share structures between different parts of the whole PV plant and will thus achieve a greater total capacity.

For more information on this, you can check our Advanced Site Tutorial  external-link . You can also download this example external-link in order to adapt your sites to it.

Tips on How to Use Google Earth

1. After you right-click on the created folder and go to Add --> Polygon, a dialogue box like the one in the image below will appear. Make sure to create your polygon before closing this dialogue box. To create the polygon, left-click anywhere on the map and a point will be created. Create as many points as you need to define your area. Once done, click on the "OK" button.

2. In order to delete/eliminate a point while defining a polygon, simply right-click on the screen.

3. After you right-click on the created folder and go to Add --> Placemark, a dialogue box like the one in the image below will appear. A placemark will also show up on the screen. Drag this placemark and place it where needed. Once done, click on the "OK" button.


For any other questions or for more information regarding the site creation and upload, you can contact us at the following email:  support@ratedpower.com